There are a number of different ways to treat NEC. A specific treatment plan will depend on many factors, including:
· Severity of the disease
· Overall health
In Many cases NEC can be treated without surgery, by resting the bowel, using intravenous feeding and treating any infection with antibiotics. Your child may have a nasogastric (NG) tube passed through their nose to drain off the contents of their stomach. They will also have an intravenous infusion (drip) of fluids and medicines to fight the infection. If your baby is having difficulty breathing due to a swollen abdomen, they’ll receive extra oxygen or breathing assistance.
In severe cases where a child does not respond well to treatment or develops a perforation then they will require surgery which will be carried out under a general anaesthetic to remove the damaged sections of intestine.
Throughout the course of treatment, the child will be monitored closely and will receive regular X-rays and blood tests to make sure the disease doesn’t get worse or return. Sadly, in some cases, some babies will die of the condition.
I am not a medical professional, nor do I claim to be. Always seek medical advice from a trained & licensed physician if you have any concerns!