A doctor can diagnose NEC by doing a physical examination and running various tests. During the exam, the doctor will gently touch your baby’s abdomen to check for swelling, pain, and tenderness. They’ll then perform an abdominal X-ray. The X-ray will provide detailed images of the intestine, allowing the doctor to look for signs of inflammation and damage more easily.
Your baby’s doctor may also order certain blood tests to measure your baby’s platelet levels and white blood cell counts. Platelets make it possible for the blood to clot. White blood cells help fights infection. Low platelet levels or a high white blood cell count can be a sign of NEC.
I am not a medical professional, nor do I claim to be. Always seek medical advice from a trained & licensed physician if you have any concerns!