What is Short Bowel Syndrome
Short bowel syndrome is malabsorption following extensive resection of more than 50% - 70% of the small intestine, or if less than 100 cm of small bowel remaining. Having Short bowel syndrome causes inadequate digestion, malabsorption and malnutrition. Short bowel syndrome can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how well the small intestine is working and what sections have been removed.
People with short bowel syndrome cannot absorb enough water, vitamins, minerals, protein, fat, calories, and other nutrients from food due to the lack of intestine and surface area for absorption. What nutrients the intestine has trouble absorbing also depends on which section of the small intestine has been damaged or removed.
Short Bowel Syndrome