What causes Short Bowel Syndrome?

The main cause of short bowel syndrome is surgery where sections of the intestine has been removed. This type of surgery may have treated intestinal diseases, injuries, or birth defects.

Some children are born with an abnormally short small intestine or with part of their bowel missing, which can cause short bowel syndrome. Adults may develop Short Bowel Syndrome later in life due to accident, illness or disease.  

Other Causes of short Bowel Syndrome in both adults and children include:

  • Necrotizing enterocolitis, a condition in babies which part of the tissue in the intestines is destroyed

  • Cancer and damage to the intestines caused by cancer treatment

  • Crohn's disease

  • Gastroschisis

  • Internal hernia

  • Intestinal atresia

  • Intestinal injury from loss of blood flow due to a blocked blood vessel

  • Intestinal injury from trauma

  • Intussusception, in which one section of either the large or small intestine folds into itself, much like a collapsible telescope

  • Meconium ileus, which occurs when the meconium, a newborn's first stool, is thicker and stickier than normal and blocks the ileum

  • Midgut volvulus, which occurs when blood supply to the middle of the small intestine is completely cut off

  • Disease or an injury can damage any part of the intestines

The Radford Family

Surviving Necrotizing Enterocolitis

The Radford Family Surviving Necrotizing Enterocolitis is a family and life style blog designed and created by Claire Radford All rights reserved.  All content provided on our site is for informational purposes only. I am not a medical professional, nor do I claim to be. Always seek medical advice from a trained & licensed physician please see Terms & Conditions & Site Rules for further information.